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初中英语基本知识点总结

2019-10-01 11:56:54文/陶凯月

初中英语知识点相对来说比较基础,同学们只要掌握了学习的方法,英语并没有想象中的难。下面是小编整理的初中英语必备基本知识点,供大家参考。

初中英语基本知识点总结

1.初中英语基础句型

句型一:S+Vi(主+谓)

句型二:S+L+P(主+系+表)

句型三:S+Vt+O(主+谓+宾)

句型四:S+Vt+IO+DO(主+谓+间宾+直宾)

句型五:S+Vt+O+OC(主+谓+宾+宾补)

句型六:“There+be+主语+…”(即“存在”句型)

句型七:比较句型

句型八:“it+is/was+形容词+to do/that从句”(即评价句型)

2、可数名词单数变复数类

1.规则变化:

(1)一般情况加-s,如:girls,books,pens,bags,boys,days等。

(2)以s,x,ch,sh结尾加-es,如:buses,boxes,watches,brushes等

(3)以o结尾的名词,无生命的名词多加-s,有生命的名词多加-es。如photos,zoos,potatoes,tomatoes等

(4)以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i加-es,如:cities,stories

(5)以f或fe结尾的名词变f或fe为v加-es。如:leaves,knives,shelves,wives等。

2.不规则变化的名词要熟记:

Man-men,woman-women,child-children,foot-feet,tooth-teeth,mouse-mice,people-people,sheep-sheep,Chinese-Chinese,Japanese-Japanese,deer-deer,man worker-men workers,woman doctor-women doctors

3、动词/名词变形容词类

1.在动词后加后缀-ful

如:care-careful,use-useful;

thank-thankful,help-helpful;

wonder-wonderful,forget-forgetful

2.在名词后加-y

如:luck-lucky,cloud-cloudy;

wind-windy,rain-rainy;

sun-sunny,snow-snowy

noise-noisy,health-healthy

3.在名词后加-ly

如:friend-friendly,love-lovely

4.方位名词加-ern

如:east-eastern,west-western

south-southern,north-northern

4、引导词

1.从句为陈述句,常选择引导词that,that引导宾语从句无意义,不充当句子成分常省略。例句:He told us(that)they would help us through the whole work.

2.从句为一般疑问句,常选择引导词if或whether,表示“是否”。在whether…or not结构中不能用if替换。例句:I don't know if there will be a bus any more.

3. 从句为特殊疑问句,常选择what,when,where,which,who,how等的疑问代词、副词作引导词。例句:He didn't tell me when we should meet again.

5、交际用语

1.---Excuse me, have you got …?

2.---Why don’t you …?

3.---Thanks a lot. (Thank you very much.)

4.---Have you ever done…?

5.---I’ve just done…

6.---What’s …like ?

7.---How long have you been…?

8.---Have you ever been to…?

9.---Would you like to have a try?

10.---What have you done since…?

11.---How long have you been at this …?

12.---How long has she/ he worked there…?

13.---I’m sorry he isn’t here right now.

14.---May I help you?

15.---That’s very kind of you.

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